Before Federal Express Entry system launch, Canada processed applications to the Federal Skilled Trades Class (F.S.T.C), Canadian Experience Class (C.E.C) and Federal Skilled Worker Class (F.S.W.C) on the basis of first-come, first-served.
Under Express Entry system, qualified candidates for the F.S.W.C, F.S.T.C and C.E.C programs as well as a parts of Canadian Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) are ranked based on a score given and it is known as the CRS or Comprehensive Ranking System.
The CRS recognizes human capital parameters such as age, educational level, relevant skilled work experience and skill in the languages of English or French and the highest-ranked applicants are invited to apply for Canada PR through periodic draws.
Even though the first-come, first-served procedure provided assurance to candidates who would tick all the boxes, it also had significant shortcomings. Applications regularly outnumbered the accessible PR spots, creating notable backlogs that prolonged into years and left applicants and their family members in limbo.
While it's too early to say if Federal Express Entry has directed to better economic results for newcomers, there is a great chance that newcomers will, in fact, manage better due to the process that Express Entry gives points.
Moreover, applicants with an employment offer or a nomination from the province are granted extra points (600 CRS points for a provincial nomination), or applicants with strong connections with Canada.
All of this makes sense, the Canadian government research reveals applicants with tremendous human capital integrate immediately into the Canadian economy, as it does those with work experience in Canada. Research also reveals having an employment offer, being nominated by a Canadian province, and/or having a family member in Canada promotes the process of economic integration.
Express Entry system does have its restrictions, namely its production of a two-tier application system over Canada.
Those who appeal through Express Entry system can receive Canada PR within 6 months, while those who appeal below other federal programs that are not included in Express Entry, as well as candidates who apply to Quebec, a requirement often wait an appreciably more extended period.
The federal government states it presently requires about 18 months to process an application of PNP that is not connected to Express Entry.
Overall, Express Entry’s powers overshadow its restrictions and the system is achieving its expectations.
The Canadian government has also illustrated flexibility of policy since Jan 2015 by introducing changes to Express Entry that consider stakeholder feedback.
These moves are a reminder that, even later five years, Federal Express Entry is a work in progress and the government of Canada will remain to recognize other ways to re-calibrate and develop it.
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